What Are The Steps Involved In The Composting Process?
Composting method is a combination of organic matter that gives nutrients to the soil which facilitates the growth of the plant and brings back energy. It is very easy to make and good method for the environment. Using composting method, you can make humus rich in nutrients for garden and lawn. It gives nutrients to the plants and supports the soil to retain moisture. You can use 30% of the yard and kitchen waste is thrown in the garbage can for composting.
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Microscopic creatures present in compost disintegrate organic material to defend against plant diseases and oxygenize the soil. It is a natural method way of fertilizing the soil and good replacement of using chemical fertilizers.
You can use plenty of waste materials like egg shelves, wood ash, coffee grounds, corn stalks, vegetables and fruits scraps, grass clippings, etc. for composting. Adding lawn soil to the garden facilitates to disguise bad odors and minute organisms in the soil will speed up the composting.
You must be also aware the type of waste that you should not add to composite. For example, meat, fish scraps, pet manures, peach peels, banana peels, black walnut leaves and orange rinds should not be added to compost.
The methods of composting waste are given below.
You must begin the process on bare earth. It permits microorganisms and worms to breathe the compost and transport to your lawn. Then you want to set little deep straw or twig. It helps expose the pile and supports the drainage.
Include different types of compost items in layers. Segregate the dry and moist materials separately. Some of the dry materials are wood ashes, sawdust pellets, straw and dry leaves. You can add the moist materials like tea bags, seaweed, food waste, etc.
To speed up the composite process and stimulates the pile you can add nitrogen source or green manure like wheatgrass, grass clippings, etc. The compost pile should be in the moist condition. If the rain doesn’t moist the pile, you can add water often.
Don’t forget to wrap the compost pile with any material you have including plastic, wood, carpet scraps, sheeting, etc. Covering them facilitates to maintain the moist and heat which are the important elements for composite. You can also avoid over-watering of the compost because of rain. It should be only moist but not sodden or soaked.
You want to turn them few weeks once using a shovel or pitchfork. It helps aerate the pile. Oxygen is an essential element for composite process and turning the pile helps oxygen to flow freely.
After the composite pile is created, then mix them well by adding new waste materials instead of adding the materials as layers so that it expedite the composite process to finish.
Instead of making your composite pile, you can also purchase a composter like rotating tumbler that mixes the compost often, so that reduces your manual work.